Microdermabrasion is a term used to describe the process of applying rough grains of diamonds, bristle and crystals to peel off the outer surface of the human skin. The outermost layer of the human skin is called the stratum corneum which helps in rejuvenating the skin and helps in treating problems like sun damage, discoloration and wrinkles. Most people prefer using this procedure because it is a simple, painless and non-surgical way of getting rid of the dead cells of the skin. A microdermabrasion system usually contains a vacuum suction, a pump, connecting tube and a hand piece.
Microdermabrasion machine is also used by people to treat simple skin problems like sunburns and acne. It can also be used to treat severe problems like hyperpigmentation and melasma. Microdermabrasion can be administered to people from the age of 12 up to 60. The frequency of the procedure will depend on skin sensitivity and tolerance level of the patient. Since the outer skin of the humans regenerates itself every 28 days, microdermabrasion must be done at least 2 to 3 times in a month in order to get significant results.
Both microdermabrasion and dermabrasion are closely related as they both deal with exfoliation of the outermost surface of the human skin. However, microdermabrasion is preferred over dermabrasion because it is less risky and takes less time to heel. However, some of the side effects that patients undergoing microdermabrasion could suffer from include skin tightness, sensitivity to sunlight and light bleeding. Even though hands, chests, legs and neck can be treated using microdermabrasion, most people prefer using microdermabrasion to treat their face.
Microdermabrasion can be used to treat several skin problems like hyperpigmentation, scars, discolorations, melasma, sun damage and acne. Some people also use it as an alternative to plastic surgery because it is cheaper and less invasive when compared to plastic surgery. Some people use microdermabrasion regularly to improve their appearance. Another benefit of this procedure is that it improves the sensitivity of the skin which causes it to absorb more nutrients and improves the appearance of the treated area.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive procedure that takes about 5 to 50 minutes to complete. It is usually done by cosmetician or dermatologist with the help of a microderm machine. Some people do this procedure in their home using a facial sandpapers and scrubs, followed by application essential oils and moisturizers. Microderm machines are usually built with crystals like magnesium oxide, sodium chloride, aluminium oxide and diamonds that are pressured by a pump to produce abrasion of the patient’s skin. The vacuum is used to raise a small portion of the human skin which the machine works on and the thereafter removes the abraded skin cells and crystals. The number of times the machine passes over the treated area and the speed of the machine determine the effectiveness of the treatment.